speed of light and gravity

the speed of ocean waves depends on wavedepth measures; the cosmic speed of photons depends on electron charge; the supra-light-speed of gravity depends on aggregates


Standard photons (visible) are generated and adsorbed by electrons: most commonly (on Earth) by electrons shifting between atomic orbits, or in-from and out-to ionization (exo-orbit and the plasma continuum) beyond: thus establishing electrochemical quanta leaps and waveshapes. Photons interact with free electrons (eg. the FEL free-electron laser) but more usually at highly elevated photon-voltages: in extremely hot atom-plasmas (eg. x-rays in the solar corona, bremsstrahlung radiation from hot electrons caught or diverted through magneto-fluxs, Cernkov radiation from fast electrons and other subatomic particles exceeding the local speed of light through electrochemical matrixes). And, some photons from heavier subnuclear particles, charged-muons, etc., are available in and for laboratory experiments; and some invisible x-rays and y-rays from nuclear radiodecay, etc. (The compounding of photons by LASER coherence does not doubly charge photon (voltage) height, as that would quadriple photon-pair energy impossibly, except in pointwise instantaneously amplitudes of waves mutually crossing, where crests and troughs likewise cancel: and the average remains the same. *)

* (unless the wave-length were halved, which were a color blue-shift, or the wave-velocity were halved, which were wave-energy interaction: This fact also tells us that photon(s) must exhibit side-deflection: that they cannot merge so gradually as to exist as double-height for some photon-length significant distance: which so neatly contradicts the contemporary theory, that it must admit the alternative: crossing waves change speed instantaneously as self-siphoning venturi-solitons.)

(Note, the electron dropping into atomic orbit loses some of its fringe mass-energy-and-charge even as its core accelerates, -which becomes the photon-energy-and-charge-pair: the other half from the atom's nucleons:- and it might therefor be better said, energy 'absorbs in the electron orbital' rather than 'adsorbs to its core-individu'entity' [coinword], and system-charge remains constant.)

The more common abundant photons by which the speed of light has been ascertained a primary constant (but is secondarily affected locally by electrochemical index of refraction, globally by astro-scale gravity, universally by cosmic aether density nuances) -- these, are generated and correspondingly adsorbed in single-electron-charge accelerations (whether atomic scale or galactic-core-hole magneto-flux-loop scale).

But the velocities of waves depend on wave-depth wave-extent measures, whatever the neutral mass associated with the generator, whether (for photons) electrons, or muons 208x heavier: Though the slower produces rumplier waves their polycycle composite wave-shape wavelength may be similar: as their charges are the same, and orbit-shifting deflections do not involve direct-linear parallel but perpendicular kinetic-motion particle-velocity accelerations. And it is considerable that photons generated by other than electrons (other than single-electron charges, as is the common mode of experimentation) might have other velocities: double-charge, double-slow. (For comparative example, ocean tsunamis of very long wave-length, travel 100x faster than the 100x slenderer wake behind a canal boat: The energy in such transverse waves must move the water mass perpendicularly, vertically: a wave-velocity compounded of hard-to-compress forward and softer-to-gravitate vertical motions: The oncoming wave-energy pushes water out of its way, which is sooner up: The deeper wave (longer transversal wave) is limited to the speed of the compressive wave.)

Wave Shape: transversal and traversal

The photon is a transversal wavicle: Its edges do not spread: whence it must maintain itself against self-excursion: This limits its speed: It is not a purely longitudinal wave, else it would not maintain parallelity across cosmic distances: Its fringes would quickly evaporate and the central lobe dissipate, sooner than refraction and redshift, (which may have been the case for photon extinction in the early universe, but more by fast-dense photon-shatter, than gradual self-refraction); But, a transversal wave may evaporate very slowly, as it is self-involved, active, and then-more longitudinally because the speed of light within the density of the photon is slower (the reverse-case to soundwaves where density within the pressure wave distorts it to lean-inupward less-sinusoidal: its tail creeping into its body; and similarly compressing sonicboom-'shockwaves' fast-sharper),- and thus yielding another factor in cosmic redshift.

(The density of the cosmic aether might thereby be determined relative to the internal-reshaping density of photons over great distance....)

The graviton, a longitudinal or compressional wave, the fastest wave possible, dissipates radially: Whence it should be nomenclatured, gravinon.

This does leave open the possibility of a gravitational conduit conducting (siphoning) graviton waves across the cosmos 20x faster than the speed of light -- for communication at sub-electronic bandwidth.

Slow Light (in a vacuum)

Suppose a particle experiment exists -- a doubly-charged helon (helium nuclei) circulating and radiating in a magnetic field, or corrotating with an anti-helon -- then the wave velocity may be half-speed ... not easily detected by the standard single-charge electrochemical devices, but dissipating by scatter, in passing through ordinary light glass.

Fast Light

With fractional charges (third in quark theory) there is the potential for 1.5x and 3x faster-than-light travel (information communication if not practicable mass-transport) ... there is also the possibility that atomic nuclei already so quark-communicate with each other.

Superfast, nonballistic, dynamic, light speeds:

Photons are contra-paired helical top-energy wavicles transporting "ballistically" on the cosmic base aether; their helical compaction (energy conservation) "magnetic component" wraps screwlike windings around each charge, faster than the speed of the overall light-wave, that being the simple nature of positive and negative charges in the gauge-2.0 characteristic of top-energy on the aether ... But then, changing the path-local aether characteristic may speed-up the photons, directly.

On tiny integrated circuitry scale this would be impractical as dynamic control chews-up energy, unless accomplished by paralleling positive-negative charge-doped regions along the wire to pre-twist or pre-saturate the aether (mentionable only because solidstate structures constitute the design of semiconductor circuitry, but any realestate for charge-guides tends also to disadvantageous; If random-read memory serves, a Russian team tried this already.) This would also be plainly impractical for interplanetary distances, unless the aether adjustment occurred naturally such as in magnetic flux-tubes between mass-hole singularities.

But if magnetic "lines" (charge-winding-lines) can be aimed without diverging and slowing (*) then super-light-speed, communication, is possible; eg. a coil with shaped end output,-- but the angle of helicity may also need exact compensation: Pitching the electric wires in the coil is but a first-order attempt as electrons thermal themselves will need to move at that perfect angle to avoid recombination of magnetic lines into half-photons at some distance and possibly loss of super-light-speed thereafter ... cf a superconducting helical-coil aligned with a perpendicular electron-guidance-aligning, linear, superconducting (coil),-- which is like a linearized electron definition.

* (It is simplistic to imagine a magnetic field as emanating like radiant circles on water, thinning while maintaining its speed, as such waves are transversal and the equivalent magnetic field likewise, -better illustrated as an expanding smoke-ring,- is transversal and travels nearer light-speed-- one more stable ring-mode in the aether.)

Yet, the most practical application might include control of aether-sponge shearing, separating aether-thread connections, to isolate an interstellar ship for aether-pushing faster-than-light, aether-slip travel.


This relates to the speed of gravity believed by many to be 20x faster or-more than the speed of light amid inexplicable paradoxes such as co-revolving moons should otherwise accelerate and drift away from each other, as their gravity vectors point to millisecond-old prior positions ... thusly supplying a clue as negative gravity on the cosmic scale. The lead competing theories are aether-related: 1. gravity from a diverting (orbiting) object having refocused observability: gravity itself orbiting about attendant objects -- nearer faster, recovering the apparent focus; 2. similarly, aether-ripple theory wherein aether conforms at the speed of light but the field gradient around objects in motion is compressed fore and decompressed aft, thus giving gravity an apparent focal advance-redirection, lead compensating its temporal lag; 3. the other main competing theory being that gravity travels as fast as the charge-winding-lines already faster than light, but which depends on that being many-times faster (see above; Superfast Light Speeds).

Gravity by its range of significant measure is considered to be a very low frequency very long conglomerate wave: the cumulative tails of all the protons and electrons (and nominally within neutrons and nuclei) in a gravitational mass: the longer effectual wavelength implicating greater wave-depth and wave-velocity. Moving unified together, the gravity of individual particles cannot be detected much faster than the speed of photonic light information, but in large aggregate the main bulk of the gravitation wave moves fast (a cosmic tsunami-wave). Gravity has lower total information content than photons -- as much as one photon, in that its wavelength is longer but equally faster. The maximum velocity of large-wave gravity is limited by the speed of the cosmic aether itself.

The speed-of-aether theory should be adjusted for electro-symmetries.

This might be particularly useful for doubling and tripling the speed of information for interstellar communications well-above light-speed: especially since single photons are of little use in signalling over cosmic distances: Develop the longwave-photon, and join the cosmo-net.

[still under construction]

The shape of the electron in motion must be maintained, albeit not to its rest-shape: The far-reaching of the electron field entails faster wave-motion than the central peak: but the standing electron wavicle is already convolved upon itself: The shape may be purely mathematics. This may usefully explain the experiments that find faster-than-light alignments: This may explain why photons are readily absorbed, that is by pre-aligning receiving atoms ahead -- and why neutrinos are not so readily absorbed, that is by mis-aligning the receiving atoms ahead.

The speed of light in the cosmos depends on the cosmic aether base density, and aether ripple (gravity),- but in the early renormalizing cosmos bounce, more by the general-photon density aether ripple hindering their own (Photons pass through each other but picoscopic slowing was significant by cosmic-sum-total in the early moments, enough to put the cosmic wall ten billion years away without counting ten billion our-years to get there ... until the cosmic energy-base congealed into proton mass (the antiprotons eliminated by destructive multiplication to excess electrons), greatly increasing the speed of light between, albeit still dense enough to slow by photon bouncing till further decreased density resulted in hydrogen clarity,- then the early cosmos light-and-neutrino shell escaped back for the outer cosmos, and the cosmos cooled to hydrogen vapor, thinning to become gravitationally unstable in the decreasing cosmic resonances, and walls formed, and planetary globules from that, and superstars from coalescing globules, which burned quickly in millions of years, and supernova'ed, further condensing the galactic walls and throwing heaving metals into the mass measurable on contemporary scales as ten billion lightyears across-- by photons no longer hindering themselves.)

A premise discovery under the title,

Grand-Admiral Petry
'Majestic Service in a Solar System'
Nuclear Emergency Management

© 2002 GrandAdmiralPetry@Lanthus.net